Findings in this report aim to serve as an advocacy tool for further institutional performance improvement, internal capacity building, and strengthening Kosovo Police integrity.
Kosovo Police (KP) has built its own internal governing mechanisms, especially related to internal control. However, there is still a lot to be done to make all those mechanisms more professional and stronger, and build the institutional integrity in order to prevent and fight police corruption. It seems that the main challenges that KP faces are human resource management, the internal reform process, public procurement and prevention of abuse of official duty by the police officers.
The need to professionalize KP’s human resources raised the need to undertake reforms in this institution of security starting from early retirement of police officers, which has not begun as a process yet. Weaknesses have been identified regarding updates of the files of KP’s personnel. Work performance assessment does not take place regularly for the police employees. In addition, the KP personnel does not have any health insurance or life insurance in their workplace, which may harm its human resources.
Public Procurement is another field where KP should focus. It should pay special attention to legal procedures as defined by the Law on Public Procurement for the supervision of contracts and different projects, which get implemented by economic operators. Similarly, relevant institutional mechanisms should be strengthened in order to avoid those weaknesses reported regarding the process of preparation of tender documentation.
Kosovo Police jointly with the Kosovo Police Inspectorate should closely collaborate to draft and implement policies in the area of prevention and combating police corruption. In this regard, lack of a KP Integrity Plan, and lack of an action plan for its practical implementation, may harm all efforts to strengthen police integrity. Meanwhile, the role of Kosovo Police Inspectorate to supervise the KP should be active, specifically related to the inspection and investigation of police officers, including those in high ranks and at the management level of the KP.
The purpose of this report on the performance of the KP is to assess the integrity of this institution. Research data were collected through monitoring and advocacy activities, interviews, review of legal documents and reports, as well as through other resources available. This research aimed to identify police integrity challenges, advocate for improvement, and ongoing democratization and professionalization of the KP. This report contains a package of recommendations for each of the indicators described, which are closely related to the internal governance of the Police.
Qualitative research methods have been used for this research: review of a range of legal documents, strategies of institutions relevant to the work of Kosovo Police, annual reports of the Kosovo Police and Police Inspectorate, as well as reports of local and international organizations and other relevant resources from Kosovo’s public institutions.
Additional data were collected through interviews with representatives of institutions that are responsible for the supervision of the KP, and with other experts who are knowledgeable of the security sector in Kosovo. In addition, data collection was made possible also through focus groups with senior officials of the KP and other institutions responsible for the external supervision of the work of the Police. Advocacy activities of the Kosovar Centre for Security Studies served also as important resources to inform the findings of this report. Lastly, Kosovo’s media archival resources containing information on the Kosovo Police that reflect the police integrity were also used.